Periop Nursing

Latest Issue of OR Manager
July 2019
Home Periop Nursing

Association between postop delirium, cognitive dysfunction

Editor's Note In this study, postoperative delirium significantly increased the risk of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in older adults at 1 month after surgery, but there was no association at 2 and 6 months. Of 560 patients analyzed, 24% developed delirium during hospitalization. At 1 month after surgery, 47% had not…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 29, 2019
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Risks, benefits of using CHG for handwashing

Editor's Note Because of the potential risk of selecting mutants carrying genes for cross-resistance to chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) and antibiotics, it is advisable to reserve the use of CHG for purposes other than hand hygiene, this study finds. A review of studies showed no significant difference in healthcare-associated infection rates…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 28, 2019
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Effect of open vs closed ICU model on HAI

Editor's Note A closed ICU model was associated with significantly reduced rates of central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI), catheter associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in this study, presented May 22 at ATS 2019, the annual international conference of the American Thoracic Society in Dallas.…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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Joint Commission issues Quick Safety on disinfection of tonometers, other ophthalmology devices

Editor's Note The Joint Commission on May 21 issued Quick Safety 49: Disinfection of tonometers and other ophthalmology devices. The Joint Commission noted that the American Academy of Ophthalmology has reported that transmission of adenovirus and herpes simplex virus HIV, hepatitis C virus, enterovirus 70, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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Targeting MAP during CPB reduces postop delirium

Editor's Note Targeting a patient’s mean arterial pressure (MAP) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by monitoring cerebral blood flow autoregulation may reduce the incidence of delirium after cardiac surgery in older patients, this Johns Hopkins study finds. In this analysis of 199 patients, the incidence of delirium was significantly greater in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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You may also be interested in these sessions at the OR Manager Conference this September in Nashville, TN

Stigma and Substance Use Disorder: What We Say Matters

After this session you'll be able to: Discuss the impact of substance use disorder (SUD) and the severity of the opioid epidemic in the United States. Provide education to improve knowledge and attitudes towards SUD as a treatable, chronic, medical condition. Identify strategies to overcome the barriers presented by stigma…

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Lower ED triage scores linked to delayed antibiotics for sepsis patients

Editor's Note Antibiotic delivery is significantly faster for sepsis patients treated in an emergency department (ED) if they are assigned a higher score on an acuity scale used for patient triage, finds this study presented May 22 at ATS 2019, the annual international conference of the American Thoracic Society in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 22, 2019
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DHS releases action guide for healthcare facilities on active shooter incidents

Editor's Note The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has issued an action guide for active shooter incidents specifically for hospitals and healthcare facilities. The action guide includes potential indicators of an individual who may become an active shooter. It also gives recommendations for staff on what they should do if…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 21, 2019
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IV bags of normal saline, D5W do not support bacterial growth 24 hours after spiking

Editor's Note No bacterial growth was found in any of 257 samples of normal saline and dextrose 5% in water (D5W) 24 hours after using standard sterile techniques to spike them in the perioperative area. Two 1000 mL bags of IV normal saline and D5W were spiked and hung in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 20, 2019
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How will artificial intelligence impact surgical patient care? Part 2

As part of a special series on artificial intelligence (AI), OR Manager is taking a deep dive into the many facets of this new technology and its impact on patient care. Part 1 of this introduction to the series (OR Manager, May 2019, 1, 7-11) defined several different types of…

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By: Cynthia Saver, MS, RN
May 17, 2019
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OR leaders see benefits of briefer NPO period

Though long fasting before a surgical procedure is tied to increased patient risks, the outdated guideline of NPO after midnight continues to be practiced by many healthcare organizations. In 1999, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) revised their fasting guidelines to clear liquids up to 2 hours before surgery and…

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By: Judith M. Mathias, MA, RN
May 17, 2019
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