Tag: Obesity

Obese adults with COVID-19 at higher risk for hospitalization, ICU admission, death

Editor's Note This study by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) finds that obesity increases the risk for severe COVID-19-associated illness. Of 148,494 US adults with confirmed COVID-19 treated at 238 hospitals included in the study, 28.3% were overweight and 50.8% were obese. Severely obese adults…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 11, 2021
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Clinical characteristics, outcomes of hospitalized children, adolescents with COVID-19

Editor's Note This study by researchers from Children’s Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY, describes a high rate of severe COVID-19 disease in patients aged 1 month to 21 years requiring pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admissions. Of 46 patients admitted to the hospital (33 to the general pediatric unit, 13…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 20, 2020
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Changes in use of bariatric surgery from 1993 to 2016

Editor's Note The safety of bariatric surgery has improved since 1993, and there has been a growth in the number of bariatric procedures performed, this study finds. However, utilization has only marginally increased. Of an estimated 1,903,273 patients who had bariatric surgery between 1993 and 2016, the mean age was…

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By: Judy Mathias
January 14, 2020
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Bariatric surgery improves the heart

Editor's Note Bariatric surgery provides more benefits for obese patients than weight loss; it also reverses subclinical heart dysfunction, finds this study presented December 5 at EuroEcho 2019, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology in Vienna, Austria. The study included 38 obese patients who had bariatric surgery…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 5, 2019
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New calculator predicts outcomes for metabolic, bariatric surgery patients

Editor's Note A new surgical risk/benefit calculator that can predict a bariatric/metabolic patient’s possibility of postoperative remission at 1 year for five weight-related comorbidities will soon be released by the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP), the American College of Surgeons (ACS) announced on August 20.…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 21, 2019
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Effect of BMI on SSI risk

Editor's Note This study found a trend of increasing risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) for almost all surgery types when body mass index (BMI) increased from normal to morbidly obese. Of 387,919 patients analyzed in the Dutch national surveillance network PREZIES, 1% were underweight, 30% had normal weight, 40%…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 8, 2019
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Incidence of reoperations after bariatric surgery

Editor's Note Reoperations after bariatric surgery occurred mainly within the first 10 years, and revisional surgeries (ie, conversions, corrections, and reversals) were more common after banding and vertical banded gastroplasty than gastric bypass, this Swedish study finds. In this analysis of 2,010 patients with 26 years of follow-up, first-time revisional…

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By: Judy Mathias
January 7, 2019
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Unlike adults, obese children do not have more postop pain

Editor's Notes Though obese adults often report more postoperative pain, the same was not true for obese children in this study presented October 16 at the Anesthesiology 2018 annual meeting in San Francisco. In this analysis of 808 children who had noncardiac surgery at the Cleveland Clinic, pain was assessed…

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By: Judy Mathias
October 17, 2018
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Effectiveness, safety of bariatric procedures in Medicare patients

Editor's Note Limited evidence exists about the comparative effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgical procedures in Medicare patients, this review study finds. Of 16 studies analyzed, researchers found that bariatric surgery overall, and in particular Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and adjustable gastric banding (AGB) appeared to be…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 7, 2018
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Seven-year outcomes after bariatric surgery

Editor's Note In this multicenter study of 7-year weight and comorbid health changes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), most participants maintained much of their weight loss with variable fluctuations over the long term, and comorbid health improvements were sustained after RYGB. Of 2,348 participants,…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 6, 2017
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