January 16, 2020

Study challenges concerns about HRRP

By: Judy Mathias

Editor's Note

This study from the division of cardiology at Dallas’ University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and the Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, challenges concerns about Medicare’s Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP)--ie, that it leaves patients more vulnerable and increases postdischarge mortality rates.

Analyzing inpatient and outpatient Medicare claims from 2008 to 2016, the researchers found there were 3.7 million hospital admissions for heart failure, 1.6 million hospitalizations for myocardial infarction (MI), and more than 3.2 million for pneumonia.

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Overall postdischarge 30-day mortality was 8.7% for heart failure, 7.3% for acute MI, and 8.4% for pneumonia.

Heart failure patients, but not those with acute MI or pneumonia, had an increase in postdischarge 30-day mortality. However, this increase preceded the start of HRRP and was concentrated in patients who sought no postdischarge acute care, nearly half of whom were admitted to hospice.

Though observation units and the emergency department have been increasingly used for care in the postdischarge period since HRRP, there has been no increase in the mortality risk in either setting, the researchers say.


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