Anesthesia

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May 2024
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Study: Microglia help awaken the brain from anesthesia, protect neurons from aftereffects

Editor's Note A new study finds that the same cells that are involved in preventing damage to the central nervous system – called microglia – help to awaken the brain following anesthesia. The findings appeared January 4 in the journal Nature.  Using electron-microscopy-based synaptic reconstruction, the researchers could see the…

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By: Brita Belli
March 5, 2024
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Analgesic clinical trials failing to assess movement-evoked postoperative pain

Editor's Note Most surgical studies still do not report movement-evoked postoperative pain despite the recommendations of expert consensus groups, according to findings published November 27 in Anesthesiology. Researchers came to essentially the same conclusion upon re-evaluating the assessment of pain at rest and movement-evoked pain in 2011. In this updated…

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By: Matt Danford
March 5, 2024
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Unveiling ECRI’s 2024 top 10 health technology hazards list

What is the purpose of the top 10 health technology hazards list, released every year by ECRI? “Our number one goal at ECRI is to reduce preventable harm,” stresses Jason Launders, MSC, former director of operations, device evaluation, at ECRI. “We know that every healthcare provider has a lot they…

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By: Tarsilla Moura
February 27, 2024
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Study: Postop emergency appendectomy complications more likely for Black children

Editor's Note In a recent study, black children undergoing emergency appendectomy had a four times greater risk of postoperative complications than white children, independent of socioeconomic status or type of appendicitis. Anaesthesia, the journal of the Association of Anaesthetists, published the findings February 22. Researchers note that this is the…

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By: Matt Danford
February 26, 2024
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Study: Intrathecal morphine reduces post-op opioid need in open prostate, kidney surgeries

Editor's Note A recent study suggests a single dose of intrathecal morphine provides long-lasting analgesia and reduces the need for postoperative systemic administration of opioids after painful open urological procedures. The Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing published the data January 31. Intrathecal opioid administration is an attractive technique in these surgeries…

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By: Matt Danford
February 20, 2024
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State-by-state numbers break down nationwide anesthesiologist shortage

Editor's Note Amid a nationwide shortage of anesthesiologists straining many healthcare systems, new data from the Kaiser Family Foundation offers a state-by-state comparison of the number of anesthesiologists per physician. As of January 2024, the data reveal that Indiana leads states with the most anesthesiologists per physician at 13.12% (1,211…

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By: Brita Belli
February 16, 2024
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Study: COVID-19 could elevate risk of surgical mortality, complications

Editor's Note Due to its impact on a variety of organ systems, COVID-19 could elevate perioperative risks even among patients with mild symptoms, according to a study published in the February 2024 issue of Anesthesiology. Focused on patients presenting for elective inpatient surgery between April 2020 and April 2021, the…

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By: Matt Danford
February 16, 2024
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Sex differences contribute to anesthesia resistance in women

Editor's Note:  Due to sex hormones, “the female brain is more resistant to the hypnotic effects of volatile anesthetics,” concludes a study published January 8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. General anesthetics work in part by modulating the activity of hypothalamic circuits, which regulate sleep and…

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By: Brita Belli
January 22, 2024
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Soundproof headphones alleviate orthopedic surgery discomfort

Editor's Note: Soundproof headphones may improve physiological indices and decrease length of stay in the PACU for orthopedic surgery patients under spinal anesthesia, according to a study published January 4 in the Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing. Aiming to investigate the effect of wearing soundproof headphones during orthopedic surgery under spinal…

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By: Matt Danford
January 12, 2024
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Study: Less-painful propofol alternative non-inferior in general anesthesia induction

Editor's Note: HSK3486 injectable emulsion (ciprofol) is noninferior to propofol in successful induction of general anesthesia, according toa study published December 13 in Anesthesiology. The study also confirmed prior data indicating HSK3486 causes substantially less injection-site pain. The multicenter, randomized (2:1), double-blind, propofol-controlled, phase-4 study evaluated 255 adults undergoing elective surgery…

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By: Matt Danford
January 12, 2024
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