Tag: Racial disparity

Majority of American adults have CKM syndrome, at risk for heart disease

Editor's Note Nine out of 10 American adults have Cardiovascular, kidney, and metabolic syndrome (CKM)—interrelated factors that progress to heart disease—and almost 10% already have heart disease, according to a report published in JAMA by Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston. HealthDay news reported on the…

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By: Matt Danford
May 16, 2024
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Annual CMS rules support underserved, under-resourced communities, promote value-based care

Editor's Note Addressing social determinants of health (SDOHs), strengthening emergency preparedness, and improving maternal heath are among the top priorities of the fiscal year (FY) 2025 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) and Long-Term Care Hospital Prospective Payment System (LTCH PPS) rules released April 10. These and other efforts aim to…

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By: Matt Danford
April 12, 2024
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New hope for Black kidney disease patients awaiting organ transplants

Editor's Note A standard kidney function test has been underestimating the seriousness of disease in Black patients, delaying their eligibility for transplants, The Associated Press reported March 31. Now, that test is changing – and Black patients awaiting kidneys are moving up the list.  Among other factors, transplant eligibility is…

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By: Brita Belli
April 1, 2024
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Study: Postop emergency appendectomy complications more likely for Black children

Editor's Note In a recent study, black children undergoing emergency appendectomy had a four times greater risk of postoperative complications than white children, independent of socioeconomic status or type of appendicitis. Anaesthesia, the journal of the Association of Anaesthetists, published the findings February 22. Researchers note that this is the…

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By: Matt Danford
February 26, 2024
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Esophagectomy complications more likely for Asian Americans

Editor's Note: Already shown to have a heightened risk of esophageal cancer, Asian Americans are also more likely to experience complications from esophagectomy, according to a study published January 4 in the American Journal of Surgery. The retrospective analysis, performed using ACS-NSQIP esophagectomy targeted database 2016–2021, compared 30-day postoperative outcomes…

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By: Matt Danford
January 12, 2024
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Chronic conditions spike nationwide

Editor's Note Eight chronic conditions—arthritis, depression, diabetes, asthma, cancer, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic kidney disease (CKD)—continue to expand nationwide along with premature deaths from drugs, firearms, and more, according America’s Health Rankings 2023 Annual Report. Presented by the United Health Foundation in partnership with…

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By: Matt Danford
December 22, 2023
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Disparity in core cancer services at hospitals serving Black, Hispanic patients

Editor's Note Hospitals that serve a high number of Black and Hispanic patients are much less likely to have advanced medical equipment and core services needed to provide effective cancer care. These research findings were published in JAMA Oncology on November 16.  The researchers analyzed patient data from 4,373 hospitals,…

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By: Brita Belli
November 17, 2023
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Diversity lacking in US academic surgery department leadership

Editor's Note There is a lack of gender, ethnic, and racial diversity in leadership roles in US academic surgery departments, according to a new study in JAMA Surgery that was published on October 11. The authors included in their analysis 154 surgical departments within 146 medical schools and affiliated hospitals…

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By: Brita Belli
November 7, 2023
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Progress on breast cancer awareness, additional steps needed

Editor's Note Significant progress has been made in national health efforts to prompt women to look for signs of breast cancer earlier and inform them about their breast cancer risk, but continued efforts are needed, Chief Healthcare Executive October 30 reports.  Among women younger than 50, breast cancer is the…

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By: Brita Belli
November 3, 2023
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Improving underrepresented patient participation in clinical trials: It matters who makes the request

Editor's Note In this investigative study done by the Boston Medical Center (BMC), patients were shown more likely to agree to participate in clinical studies when approached by research staff of the same race or ethnicity as them. The findings were published in JAMA Ophthalmology on October 19.  The study…

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By: Brita Belli
October 20, 2023
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