Tag: Postoperative outcomes

Povidone iodine noninferior to chlorhexidine gluconate for preoperative skin antisepsis

JAMA (healthcare publication) Network logo

Editor's Note Amid continued debate about the best choice of preoperative skin antiseptic, findings published in JAMA June 17 show that povidone iodine in alcohol offers similar outcomes to chlorhexidine gluconate when used in alcohol. The randomized clinical trial included 3,360 patients in 3 tertiary care hospitals in Switzerland, 2,187…

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By: Matt Danford
June 28, 2024
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Study finds no link between anesthesia dose, postop delirium

Editor's Note Higher doses of anesthesia did not affect risk of postoperative delirium in a study of more than 1,000 heart surgery patients, according to a June 10 United Press International (UPI) article on study findings published in JAMA. The research included 1,140 heart surgery patients, half of whom had…

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By: Matt Danford
June 26, 2024
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Study highlights CMS hospital star rating limitations

Editor's Note CMS hospital star ratings may not be a reliable tool for assessing surgical quality, according to a study published June 18 in JAMA Surgery. Researchers acknowledge that higher ratings are generally associated with improved postoperative outcomes, including fewer complications and lower 30-day mortality rates. However, as reported by…

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By: Matt Danford
June 25, 2024
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Study results evidence long-term effectiveness of gastric bypass surgery

Editor's Note Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery kept type 2 diabetes in remission for up to 15 years and maintained most of the weight loss for up to 20 years in a long-term study, according to a June 12 report in SciTech Daily. Presented the same day at The American Society…

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By: Matt Danford
June 20, 2024
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Study: Female, minority surgeons experience greater distress after adverse events

Editor's Note Surgeons and surgical trainees who are female or from minority racial or ethnic backgrounds report higher levels of negative emotions and self-doubt after adverse events, according to a recent study in JAMA Network Open. According to a June 5 report in MedPage Today, the single-site, mixed-methods study found…

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By: Matt Danford
June 18, 2024
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Real-time mass spectrometry identifies brain cancer mutations during surgery

Editor's Note A mass spectrometry platform that identifies key brain cancer mutations in real-time during surgery shows potential for improving outcomes in a procedure when time is of utmost importance, Technology Networks reported June 3. Developed by the Mayo Clinic, the platform specifically targets dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations on samples taken…

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By: Matt Danford
June 17, 2024
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Study: Combined preoperative, postoperative chemotherapy improves esophageal cancer outcomes

US news and world report

Editor's Note In esophageal cancer, combining preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy lead to better outcomes, fewer deaths, and higher likelihood of complete tumor regression than preoperative chemotherapy alone, according to a randomized clinical trial. US News and World Report reported the news June 4. Led by Dr. Jens Hoeppner from the…

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By: Matt Danford
June 12, 2024
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Study: Preoperative weight loss offers little benefit for bariatric surgery patients

Editor's Note Research shows perioperative weight loss does not consistently improve outcomes or OR times in patients undergoing primary bariatric procedures, including laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The findings were published in the June issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. Using…

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By: Matt Danford
June 3, 2024
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Surgery benefits transplant-ineligible HCC patients more than less invasive options

Editor's Note Liver resection provides a significant survival benefit over percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with early multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to findings published May 15 in JAMA Surgery. Thus, liver resection should be considered the first therapeutic option in patients with early multinodular…

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By: Matt Danford
May 29, 2024
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Colon cancer study: Robots harvest more lymph nodes than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS)

Editor's Note Although robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RLS) and conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) offer similar survival outcomes for sigmoid colon cancer, RLS harvests comparatively more lymph nodes, according to a study published May 10 in the Journal of Robotic Surgery. According to a May 15 report on the study in The…

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By: Matt Danford
May 24, 2024
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