Tag: mortality risks

Researchers test alternative approach to ranking US heart transplant candidates

Editor's Note The current method for identifying heart transplant candidates with the most urgent need might not be the best one. In a study published February 13 in Jama Network, a candidate risk score incorporating the latest clinical, laboratory, and hemodynamic data out-performed the current treatment-based categorical allocation system.  …

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By: Matt Danford
February 29, 2024
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Study: COVID-19 could elevate risk of surgical mortality, complications

Editor's Note Due to its impact on a variety of organ systems, COVID-19 could elevate perioperative risks even among patients with mild symptoms, according to a study published in the February 2024 issue of Anesthesiology. Focused on patients presenting for elective inpatient surgery between April 2020 and April 2021, the…

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By: Matt Danford
February 16, 2024
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AI tool determines postoperative mortality risk

Editor's Note A new artificial intelligence (AI) tool developed by researchers at the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai could help doctors better understand which patients are at greatest risk of dying following surgery, according to a December 15 report in Newswise. Based on findings originally published in the Lancet Digital…

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By: Brita Belli
December 19, 2023
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New protein calculation uncovers which organs are aging at an accelerated pace

Editor's Note Researchers from Stanford Medicine have found a way to detect which organs in someone’s body are aging at an accelerated rate using a simple blood test. The findings were published in the journal Nature on December 6.  This study looked at 5,678 people and found that about one…

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By: Brita Belli
December 6, 2023
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Balanced IV solutions may benefit critically ill patients

Editor's Note Using balanced solutions in intravenous fluid (IV) therapy instead of saline can reduce the risk of death in critically ill patients in intensive care by 4%. These findings were published by The Lancet Respiratory Medicine on November 30. Patients in intensive care typically receive IV fluids, which can…

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By: Brita Belli
November 30, 2023
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Study: Black, Hispanic patients more likely to die post-surgery than white patients

Editor's Note A new study found that Black and Hispanic patients are significantly more likely to die after a surgical procedure than white patients, Newsweek October 15 reports. The findings were presented at the 2023 Anesthesiology annual meeting. The study analyzed over a million surgical procedures at 7,740 US hospitals…

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By: Brita Belli
October 16, 2023
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Study shows serious downside, risks to postop opioid prescription at discharge

Editor's Note This cohort study, published by the British Journal of Anesthesia in September 2023, finds that surgical patients who are discharged with prescribed opioids have higher risks of hospital readmission and mortality.  The study looked at data from a territory-wide retrospective cohort of patients in Hong Kong who underwent…

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By: Brita Belli
September 25, 2023
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Excess mortality at VHA facilities during COVID-19

Editor's Note This study, led by Boston University and VA Boston Healthcare System, finds a large variation in mortality across Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 11.4 million VHA enrollees during 2016 and 2020 were included in the analysis. Among the findings: VHA-enrolled veterans…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 20, 2023
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Risk for adverse outcomes in pregnant patients with COVID-19, early in pandemic

Editor's Note This study by researchers from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, finds substantial adverse maternal outcomes among pregnant patients with COVID-19 at delivery, during the early pandemic period. A total of 2,578,095 patients were analyzed. During the 9-month study period (April to December 2020), 45,425 pregnant patients…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 10, 2023
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Nonoperative vs operative management of acute appendicitis in older adults

Editor's Note This study from the University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, finds that nonoperative management of acute appendicitis was associated with reduced complications in older but not younger patients. Included in the analysis was data from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s National Inpatient Sample on 474,845 patients with…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 6, 2023
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