Tag: Elective surgery

Study: Standard preoperative fasting instructions sufficient for diabetic patients

Editor's Note Recent research suggests that minimizing the risk of perioperative pulmonary aspiration in diabetic patients does not require different fasting instructions. However, at least one expert has questioned the results, and widespread glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists for the treatment of both type 2 diabetes and weight loss can…

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By: Matt Danford
May 14, 2024
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Study: Weight loss drugs could increase risk of surgical complications

Editor's Note Popular weight-loss drugs like Ozempic and Mounjaro could lead to complications in surgical procedures, according to study published March 6 in the journal JAMA Surgery.  The study focused on drugs known as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) which are used to treat diabetes and obesity. The drugs, which…

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By: Brita Belli
March 22, 2024
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Machine learning shows potential to prevent costly, ineffective back surgery

JAMA (healthcare publication) Network logo

Editor's Note Although lumbar disc herniation surgery can alleviate symptoms of back pain and even prevent disability, the costs exceed the benefits for a sizeable minority of patients, researchers write in a study published February 7 in Jama Network. To address this concern, they investigated whether machine learning algorithms that…

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By: Matt Danford
February 22, 2024
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Data suggest BMI cutoffs for hernia surgery could be unnecessary

Editor's Note The impact of body mass index (BMI) on hernia recurrence is likely overstated, and symptomatic patients should not be denied abdominal wall reconstruction procedures due to an arbitrary BMI cutoff of 35 kg/m2. This is the conclusion of a study published February 1 in the journal Surgery by…

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By: Matt Danford
February 16, 2024
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Study: COVID-19 could elevate risk of surgical mortality, complications

Editor's Note Due to its impact on a variety of organ systems, COVID-19 could elevate perioperative risks even among patients with mild symptoms, according to a study published in the February 2024 issue of Anesthesiology. Focused on patients presenting for elective inpatient surgery between April 2020 and April 2021, the…

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By: Matt Danford
February 16, 2024
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Administering sedative preoperatively deemed safe for older patients

Editor's Note Researchers conducted the largest randomized study to date on use of the sedative midazolam in older patients, a drug sometimes used to calm patients prior to surgery. The results were published in JAMA Surgery on December 20. Highlights include: The study involved nine German hospitals and included more…

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By: Brita Belli
December 22, 2023
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Study: VR technology helps reduce patient anxiety prior to surgery

Editor's Note In this original investigation published by JAMA Network on October 31, researchers have found that using virtual reality (VR) technology to give patients familiarity with the surgical setting and surgical tools prior to a procedure can help to reduce their anxiety. The study included 74 patients, ages 18…

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By: Brita Belli
November 30, 2023
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Cybersecurity alert: New ransomware threat to healthcare, recent attacks

Editor's Note On August 4, the Department of Health and Human Services Health Sector Cybersecurity Coordination Center released a security alert warning hospitals of a new ransomware group called Rhysida that has been active since May 2023 and is recently targeting healthcare by breaching networks and demanding a ransom. According…

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By: Tarsilla Moura
August 11, 2023
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Risk factors, rate of postoperative urinary retention following inguinal hernia repair

Editor's Note A global study led by researchers at the Royal College of Surgeons in Dublin, Ireland, finds older male patients are at greater risk of developing postoperative urinary retention (POUR) following elective inguinal hernia repair. The cohort study included 4,151 patients (3882 male and 269 female) recruited between March…

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By: Lindsay Botts
July 5, 2023
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ASA suggests patients stop popular weight loss medications before elective surgery

Editor's Note The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) announced on June 29 that patients taking any of the currently popular medications for weight loss or for the treatment of type 2 diabetes should withhold the medication prior to elective surgery to "reduce the risk of complications associated with anesthesia in…

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By: Tarsilla Moura
July 5, 2023
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