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February 2024

Study: bariatric surgery effective for pediatric weight loss, but may adversely affect bone health

Editor's Note What researchers say is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to report on bone health outcomes from pediatric bariatric surgery shows the procedure is highly effective at achieving weight loss amid a childhood obesity crisis of epidemic proportions. However, the surgery also could put patients at greater risk…

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By: Matt Danford
February 23, 2024
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Air pollution tied to hospital admissions for heart disease

Editor's Note Data published February 21 in The BMJ points to air pollution as a factor in increased hospital admissions for major heart diseases.  According to the Global Burden of Disease study, exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) accounts for 7.6% of total mortality and 4.2% of disability-adjusted life years…

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By: Brita Belli
February 23, 2024
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Cyberattack disrupts systems at health technology giant Change Healthcare

Editor's Note Nationwide pharmacy delays and disrupted internal systems are among the effects of a February 21 cyberattack on Change Healthcare, one of the largest healthcare technology companies in the United States. Systems were immediately disconnected to protect partners and patients, the organization reports, and “all other systems across UnitedHealth…

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By: Matt Danford
February 23, 2024
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Study: Early postoperative endoscopy safe, effective for esophageal cancer patients

Editor's Note Using early postoperative endoscopy to detect anastomotic leakage after minimally invasive esophagectomy does not increase postoperative adverse events, according to a study published February 10 in the journal Surgery. Anastomotic leakage is one of the most severe adverse events of minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Often deadly,…

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By: Matt Danford
February 22, 2024
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Machine learning shows potential to prevent costly, ineffective back surgery

JAMA (healthcare publication) Network logo

Editor's Note Although lumbar disc herniation surgery can alleviate symptoms of back pain and even prevent disability, the costs exceed the benefits for a sizeable minority of patients, researchers write in a study published February 7 in Jama Network. To address this concern, they investigated whether machine learning algorithms that…

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By: Matt Danford
February 22, 2024
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Study: Intravascular imaging for stent guidance improves outcomes for heart disease patients

Editor's Note Using intravascular imaging to guide stent implantation during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) provides significantly better outcomes than angiography, according to findings published February 21 in The Lancet. In a study of 15,964 patients undergoing PCI from 22 trials in hundreds of centers from March 2010 to August 2023,…

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By: Brita Belli
February 22, 2024
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Study questions use of fusion surgery for treating sacroiliac joint pain

Editor's Note A recent double-blind, randomized controlled trial could not prove that minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion was any more effective than sham surgery in treating severe sacroiliac joint pain. “With these findings, there should be discussion in the medical community whether an irreversible surgical procedure with related risks and…

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By: Matt Danford
February 21, 2024
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3D scans, deep-learning AI show promise for measuring body composition

Editor's Note A new method of measuring body composition using deep learning models and 3D scans is accurately depicts the distribution of fat and muscle in various body types, according to findings published January 30 Nature Communications Medicine.   Creating tying an accurate digital map of a person’s shape and body…

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By: Brita Belli
February 21, 2024
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FDA issues warning on fraudulent, unreliable medical device testing data

Editor's Note The FDA has issued a warning regarding fraudulent, duplicated and otherwise unreliable data coming from third party test labs that produce data for medical device companies, including many based in India and China. Issued February 20, the alert warns medical device manufacturers that they are responsible for confirming the…

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By: Brita Belli
February 21, 2024
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Study: Intrathecal morphine reduces post-op opioid need in open prostate, kidney surgeries

Editor's Note A recent study suggests a single dose of intrathecal morphine provides long-lasting analgesia and reduces the need for postoperative systemic administration of opioids after painful open urological procedures. The Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing published the data January 31. Intrathecal opioid administration is an attractive technique in these surgeries…

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By: Matt Danford
February 20, 2024
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