Tag: Cancer screening

Reassessing colonoscopy surveillance: Early- vs average-onset colorectal cancer

Editor's Note Early-onset colorectal cancer (EO-CRC), diagnosed before age 50, is increasing in incidence worldwide. Despite existing postoperative colonoscopy surveillance strategies, the optimal intervals for EO-CRC patients are unclear due to limited long-term data. This study, titled “Early-onset Colorectal Cancer Patients Do Not Require Shorter Intervals for Post-surgical Surveillance Colonoscopy”…

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By: Tarsilla Moura
June 26, 2024
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AI outperforms radiologists in detecting clinically significant prostate cancer

Editor's Note In a recent study, an artificial intelligence (AI) system detected more clinically significant prostate cancers and fewer indolent cancers than human radiologists reading MRIs, MedPage today reported June 13. The MedPage report covers a study published in Lancet Oncology that, according to researchers, “provided evidence that AI systems,…

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By: Matt Danford
June 26, 2024
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The rise of AI in radiology—and what the future holds

When it comes to the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine, radiology is leading the charge. As of May 13, 2024, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had approved nearly 900 AI- and machine learning (ML)-enabled devices, and the vast majority of them are in radiology. One example…

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By: Brita Belli
June 24, 2024
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AI analysis suggest breast cancer surgery “may do more harm than good” for middle-aged patients

Editor's Note Artificial intelligence (AI)-fueled analysis of electronic health records suggests that clinical guidelines for de-escalating surgery should be extended to younger breast cancer patients. Conducted by University of Pittsburgh and UPMC Hillman Cancer Center researchers and published in JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics, the analysis suggests that “surgery involving sentinel…

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By: Matt Danford
June 6, 2024
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AI promises to eliminate unnecessary breast cancer biopsies

Editor's Note An AI model that outperformed MRI and ultrasound in identifying patients with axillary breast cancer metastasis shows the technology’s potential to reduce the need for needle or surgical biopsies, according to developers at UT Southwestern Medical Center. In a May 21 report on their new AI model, researchers…

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By: Matt Danford
June 6, 2024
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Study reveals common symptoms, diagnosis delays in early-onset colorectal cancer

JAMA (healthcare publication) Network logo

Editor's Note A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis, published by JAMA Network on May 24 and encompassing 81 studies and over 24.9 million patients, shed light on the signs and symptoms associated with early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC) and highlighted significant delays in diagnosis. The analysis identified the most common presenting…

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By: Tarsilla Moura
May 29, 2024
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Colorectal cancer rates declining in older adults, rising among children, teens

Editor's Note A new study reveals a worrying trend: While colorectal cancer rates have been decreasing in older adults, they are significantly rising among children and teens, Healthline May 9 reports. The findings from this study will be presented on Monday, May 20, at the Digestive Disease Week conference in…

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By: Tarsilla Moura
May 15, 2024
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FDA approves imaging drug for detecting cancer after lumpectomy

Editor's Note The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Lumisight (pegulicianine), a fluorescent imaging drug used to detect cancerous tissue during lumpectomy, on April 17. Administered intravenously prior to surgery, Lumisight is designed for use with the Lumicell Direct Visualization System (DVS) or another imaging device that is FDA-approved…

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By: Matt Danford
April 22, 2024
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Propofol anesthesia for colonoscopy could help find polyps, prevent cancer

Editor's Note By putting the patient into deeper sedation during colonoscopy, propofol could help doctors find difficult-to-spot, potentially cancerous “serrated” polyps, according to a study published April 17 in Anesthesiology. As an alternative to moderate, “conscious” sedation, propofol facilitates a more thorough exam that is more likely to identify serrated…

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By: Matt Danford
April 17, 2024
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Report illuminates how AI transforms hospitals, healthcare

Editor's Note A paper published March 29 in the journal Bioengineering examines the growing integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into hospital and healthcare systems and the way in which it is augmenting clinical decision-making, optimizing hospital operation and management, improving medical image analysis, and transforming patient care and monitoring through…

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By: Brita Belli
April 2, 2024
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