Surgical/Anesthesia

Latest Issue of OR Manager
August 2019
Home Surgical/Anesthesia

Targeting MAP during CPB reduces postop delirium

Editor's Note Targeting a patient’s mean arterial pressure (MAP) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by monitoring cerebral blood flow autoregulation may reduce the incidence of delirium after cardiac surgery in older patients, this Johns Hopkins study finds. In this analysis of 199 patients, the incidence of delirium was significantly greater in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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FDA grants Stryker premarket approval for intracranial aneurysm stent

Editor's Note Stryker announced on May 20 that the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) granted premarket approval for its Neuroform Atlas stent system for intracranial aneurysms, the May 20 MassDevice reports.   The self-expanding nitinol stent can now be used with neurovascular embolization coils to treat patients with saccular wide-necked…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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FDA letter updates mortality risk in patients receiving Abiomed Impella RP System

Editor's Note The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on May 21 released a letter to healthcare professionals about the most recent, interim post-approval study (PAS) results for the Abiomed Impella RP System, a percutaneous heart pump for right heart support.   The latest interim results show a lower survival rate…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 22, 2019
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Effect of regional anesthesia on readmission rates, costs after TKA

Editor's Note Regional anesthesia was not associated with decreased readmission rates and costs after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in this study. In this analysis of 138,362 privately insured TKA patients 18-64 years of age, the adjusted 90-day readmission rate was 1.8% for those who did not receive regional anesthesia compared…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 21, 2019
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IV bags of normal saline, D5W do not support bacterial growth 24 hours after spiking

Editor's Note No bacterial growth was found in any of 257 samples of normal saline and dextrose 5% in water (D5W) 24 hours after using standard sterile techniques to spike them in the perioperative area. Two 1000 mL bags of IV normal saline and D5W were spiked and hung in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 20, 2019
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Artificial intelligence makes surgical 'black box' smarter

Perioperative services departments have been slow to adopt the black boxes used in the aviation industry, partly because it can take a large team of experts hours to analyze data collected by the box. However, the team behind a surgical black box is using artificial intelligence (AI) to significantly cut…

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By: Cynthia Saver, MS, RN
May 17, 2019
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Cardiology services: The next wave in ASCs?

Many experts see cardiovascular (CV) care as the next wave in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs), and a hybrid office-based lab (OBL)/ASC model is gaining momentum across the country. Robert J. Zasa, MSHHA, FACMPE, president and CEO of Ambulatory Systems Development, LLC, in Incline Village, Nevada, sees the hybrid arrangement as…

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By: Jennifer Lubell
May 17, 2019
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Performance on patient safety measures linked to hospital financial performance

Editor's Note Hospitals that perform better on measures to prevent postoperative complications also have better performance on measures of profitability, this study finds. Improved patient safety performance was associated with higher net patient revenue for five of seven Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) measures, including starting and stopping preventive antibiotics…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 16, 2019
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Correlation of intraop staff movements, door openings with SSI risk

Editor's Note This multicenter study demonstrated an association between intraoperative staff movements and door openings with risk of surgical site infections (SSIs). In this study of 13 ORs in 10 hospitals, performing cardiac and total hip or knee replacement surgery, door openings were assessed by sensors fixed on the doors.…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 15, 2019
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Adherence to ERAS protocols associated with fewer postop complications

Editor's Note An increased in adherence to Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) protocols was associated with a decrease in postoperative complications in this study. Of 2,084 patients analyzed, 566 had moderate to severe postoperative complications. The number of patients with moderate to severe complications was lower in the ERAS group…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 13, 2019
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