Infection Prevention

Latest Issue of OR Manager
July 2019
Home Periop Nursing > Perioperative Practice > Infection Prevention

What should you do if your sterilizer fails?

A sterilization failure is a significant event. Receiving a positive biological indicator (BI) result from a sterilizer can be devastating and presents a patient safety concern because it could result in infection. This article addresses the proper action to take in the event of a positive BI result and biological…

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By: Susan Klacik, BS, CRCST, CHL, CIS, ACE, FCS
May 17, 2019
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Study: Negative pressure wound therapy lowers SSI risk

Editor's Note In this study, the use of negative pressure wound therapy resulted in a significantly lower risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) than standard surgical incision closure. A total of 123 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy were randomized to receive either negative pressure wound therapy or a standard closure of the…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 16, 2019
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Performance on patient safety measures linked to hospital financial performance

Editor's Note Hospitals that perform better on measures to prevent postoperative complications also have better performance on measures of profitability, this study finds. Improved patient safety performance was associated with higher net patient revenue for five of seven Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) measures, including starting and stopping preventive antibiotics…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 16, 2019
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Correlation of intraop staff movements, door openings with SSI risk

Editor's Note This multicenter study demonstrated an association between intraoperative staff movements and door openings with risk of surgical site infections (SSIs). In this study of 13 ORs in 10 hospitals, performing cardiac and total hip or knee replacement surgery, door openings were assessed by sensors fixed on the doors.…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 15, 2019
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Nurse staffing linked to healthcare-associated infections

Editor's Note In this study from the Columbia University School of Nursing, New York City, researchers found that nurse understaffing is associated with increased risk of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Using data from 2007 to 2012 in a large urban hospital system: 15% of patient days had one shift understaffed (defined…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 13, 2019
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Adherence to ERAS protocols associated with fewer postop complications

Editor's Note An increased in adherence to Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) protocols was associated with a decrease in postoperative complications in this study. Of 2,084 patients analyzed, 566 had moderate to severe postoperative complications. The number of patients with moderate to severe complications was lower in the ERAS group…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 13, 2019
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CDC: Hepatitis A infections up nearly 300%

Editor's Note In the May 10 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that hepatitis A infections were up 294% in 2016-2018, compared with 2013-2015. The increases are related to outbreaks among homeless people, men who have sex with men, people who use drugs,…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 13, 2019
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Study: How patient registries could help control spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Editor's Note This study by Johns Hopkins researchers finds that the spread of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) bacteria that have high levels of resistance to most antibiotics could be reduced if only 25% of large healthcare facilities in a region used a patient registry. The researchers developed a computer simulation model…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 9, 2019
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BD receives FDA approval for sterile CHG skin prep solution

Editor's Note Becton, Dickinson and Company (BD) announced on April 30 that it had received Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approval for BD ChloraPrep skin preparation with sterile solution. This new product is the only fully sterile chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) antiseptic skin preparation commercially available in the US. The FDA’s…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 2, 2019
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Improving hand hygiene compliance among anesthesia providers

Editor's Note Education and monitoring of hand hygiene among anesthesia providers in the OR improved hand hygiene compliance in this study from the Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina. Anesthesia providers were educated on the World Health Organization’s five indications for hand hygiene, and their access to hand…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 29, 2019
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