Infection Prevention

Latest Issue of OR Manager
October 2019
Home Periop Nursing > Perioperative Practice > Infection Prevention

FDA sets meeting to discuss EO sterilization

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) announced September 4 that it will hold a Medical Devices Advisory Committee Meeting in November to discuss ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization of medical devices, including methods to reduce EO emissions. The committee also will provide recommendations on reducing infection risks from reprocessed…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 5, 2019
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FDA recommends transition to duodenoscopes with disposable components

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) on August 29 issued a News Release recommending that healthcare facilities and manufacturers begin transitioning to duodenoscopes with disposable components to reduce the risk of patient infection. The FDA also announced additional actions they have taken to help ensure the safety of…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 4, 2019
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What surgeons need to know about the skull cap, bouffant debate

Editor's Note The debate over surgical cap attire has grown from a patient-safety issue to a platform for emotionally driven arguments, unflattering logic, and failed leadership by all parties involved, according to this Viewpoint article in JAMA Surgery. The 2014 guidelines from AORN never explicitly endorsed the bouffant hair cover,…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 29, 2019
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Sentara uses AI-based tool to predict sepsis

Editor's Note Sentara Healthcare (Norfolk, Virginia) is using a sepsis prediction tool to help alert physicians and nurses when a patient is at risk of developing the infection, the August 26 Reading Eagle reports. The tool uses artificial intelligence (AI) to run some 4,500 pieces of patient data through an…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 28, 2019
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Inspections reveal need to overhaul bronchoscope reprocessing methods

Extensive research by Cori L. Ofstead, MSPH, and her colleagues at Ofstead & Associates (St Paul, Minnesota) has raised concerns about insufficient reprocessing of gastrointestinal endoscopes and ureteroscopes—even when recommended practices are followed—and their new study makes a compelling case for more stringent reprocessing of bronchoscopes as well. In their…

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By: Judith M. Mathias, MA, RN
August 23, 2019
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Proactive policies help protect staff from bloodborne pathogen exposure

Healthcare workers are at risk for bloodborne pathogen exposures in areas ranging from the clinic to the OR—both inpatient and outpatient settings. Such exposures not only cause anxiety, they cost an estimated $3,000 to $5,000 per exposure for things such as baseline and follow-up laboratory testing, treatment of exposed personnel,…

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By: Amy L. Bethel, MPA, RN, NE-BC
August 23, 2019
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Effect of hospital move to all private rooms on healthcare-associated infections

Editor's Note The move to a new hospital with all single-patient rooms was associated with an immediate and durable reduction in the rates of nosocomial vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization as well as VRE infections, but not in  the rates of nosocomial Clostridioides difficile (CDI) or…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 19, 2019
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AI, machine learning help unlock health data at Michigan Medicine

Editor's Note The University of Michigan’s health system has 34 artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning research projects underway, 28 of which have principal investigators, the August 12 Health Data Management reports. Projects include analyzing electronic health records (EHRs), ECG monitor data, and analytics to predict acute hemodynamic instability and…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 14, 2019
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Effect of BMI on SSI risk

Editor's Note This study found a trend of increasing risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) for almost all surgery types when body mass index (BMI) increased from normal to morbidly obese. Of 387,919 patients analyzed in the Dutch national surveillance network PREZIES, 1% were underweight, 30% had normal weight, 40%…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 8, 2019
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Study links cancer center affiliation to lower postop mortality

Editor's Note Patients who had complex surgical procedures for cancer at community hospitals that were affiliated with top-ranked cancer hospitals were less likely to die within 90 days after surgery than patients treated at nonaffiliated hospitals, this study finds. Data for more than 14,000 Medicare patients showed 90-day mortality after…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 8, 2019
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