Evidence-based Practice

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July 2020
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Predicting transfusions in total joint patients

Editor's Note Using patient-specific preoperative variables, a validated logistic regression model predicted transfusions in total hip and knee patients in this study. The model identified preoperative hemoglobin, total hip arthroplasty, and females 65 years of age and older as predictors of perioperative transfusions. The model also may help identify those…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 5, 2017
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Evidence-based practice supports adopting ERAS protocols

As part of the shift to value-based care, a logical step for healthcare organizations is to adopt enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols. The literature supporting the use of ERAS is growing, with many studies demonstrating that it leads to shorter length of stay (LOS) and fewer complications. Results of…

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By: Elizabeth Wood
April 21, 2017
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Study: Tonsillectomies not beneficial long term

Editor's Note Children having tonsillectomies to improve the number of sore throats and throat infections, associated clinic visits, and days of school missed had improved outcomes in the first year after surgery compared with children not having surgery, but these benefits did not persist over time, this study finds. For…

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By: Judy Mathias
January 25, 2017
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Effect of ERAS, fast track protocols on postop infections

Editor's Note Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) and fast track surgery protocols were associated with a significant reduction in postoperative lung, urinary tract, and surgical site infections, compared with conventional protocols in this study. ERAS and fast track protocols also were linked to a significant decrease in hospital length of…

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By: Judy Mathias
January 4, 2017
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CDC updates guidelines on CHG dressings

Editor's Note The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is accepting comments on the draft update to its recommendations for the use of chlorhexidine (CHG)-impregnated dressings to prevent intravascular catheter-related infections. The draft addresses new and updated strategies and is based on a review of the evidence since 2010…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 29, 2016
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AABB publishes updated RBC transfusion guidelines

Editor's Note The AABB has published updated recommendations to assist clinicians in decisions on red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. The original recommendations were released in 2012. The update, titled “Red blood cell transfusion: 2016 clinical practice guideline from the AABB,” includes two main recommendations: Restrictive RBC transfusion thresholds:    …

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By: Judy Mathias
October 13, 2016
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Study doesn’t support capnography for colonoscopy

Editor's Note Capnographic monitoring during outpatient colonoscopy with moderate sedation increased costs significantly and did not improve patient safety or satisfaction, this study finds. The analysis included 966 patients (465 without and 501 with capnography) who underwent colonoscopy at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston. Patients and nurses reported…

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By: Judy Mathias
February 23, 2016
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Rates of lab tests before low-risk surgical procedures

Editor's Note Depending on which hospital a patient goes to for a low-risk surgical procedure, he or she may be 2.4 times more or less likely to be sent for preoperative blood work, this study finds. Researchers found that overall, unnecessary preoperative lab tests (eg, complete blood count, blood clotting…

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By: Judy Mathias
February 5, 2016
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Improved surgical outcomes in ACS NSQIP hospitals

Editor's Note Participation in the American College of Surgeons, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) is associated with a reduction in postoperative adverse events, and the magnitude of quality improvement increases with time in the program, this study finds. Hospitals in the ACS NSQIP program for at least 3…

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By: Judy Mathias
January 11, 2016
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Nurse leaders play pivotal role in implementing enhanced recovery programs

Frequently OR leaders are at the forefront of implementing enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols. They have the skills to facilitate implementation of ERAS and to dispel any misconceptions about it, says Donna Watson, MSN, RN, CNOR, FNP. Watson, director for Medtronic Health Systems Advantage in Boulder, Colorado, is an…

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By: OR Manager
December 16, 2015
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