Emergency Department

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August 2020
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AI program can detect COVID-19 in 1 hour

Editor's Note The Curial AI test, an artificial intelligence (AI) program developed at the University of Oxford, UK, can identify COVID-19 within 1 hour of a patient arriving at an emergency department (ED), the July 31 Belfast Telegraph reports. The AI test analyzes patient data, such as blood tests and…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 4, 2020
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COVID-19 pathophysiology, transmission, diagnosis, treatment

Editor's Note In this review article, researchers from the US, UK, Netherlands, and Australia discuss current evidence on the pathophysiology, transmission, diagnosis, and management of COVID-19. Among their findings: COVID-19 is spread primarily via respiratory droplets during close face-to-face contact. Infection can be spread by asymptomatic, presymptomatic and symptomatic carriers.…

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By: Judy Mathias
July 13, 2020
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CDC: Characteristics of patients who died with COVID-19, February 12-May 18

Editor's Note This July 10 report from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) provides detailed demographic and clinical information on a subset of 10,647 people who died with COVID-19 (ie, decedents) in 16 US public health jurisdictions between February 12 and May 18. The researchers found that: 60.6%…

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By: Judy Mathias
July 13, 2020
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CDC weekly update shows decline in COVID-19 mortality

Editor's Note The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on June 26 posted key updates for week 25, of the COVID-19 epidemic, ending June 20. The percentage of US deaths attributed to flu, pneumonia, or COVID-19 decreased for the ninth consecutive week to 6.9%, from 9.5% a week earlier.…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 30, 2020
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Coordinated COVID-19 response helped ‘flatten the curve’ in Washington State

Editor's Note A regional, coalition-guided, multifaceted approach that engaged healthcare systems, long-term care facilities, state and local governments, and organizations to rapidly respond to the COVID-19 outbreak, kept Washington State’s death rate the lowest of all states with major outbreaks, this study finds. Six key factors helped “flatten the curve:”…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 17, 2020
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Pre-COVID initiatives pave way for successful crisis management

Proactive leadership, early preparation, and ongoing planning and communication have helped mitigate COVID-19 threats at Tampa General Hospital in Tampa, Florida. As a result, resuming elective surgical cases in early May was a relatively seamless process thanks to process improvements made before the pandemic hit. “We started working on COVID-19…

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By: Elizabeth Wood
June 17, 2020
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CMS releases reopening guide for non-emergent care

Editor's Note The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) on June 9 released a guide for healthcare facilities to resume in-person, non-emergent, non-COVID-19 services in states and regions with no evidence of COVID-19 resurgence. Recommendations include: designating separate areas for COVID-19 care establishing non-COVID-19 care zones where patients can…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 10, 2020
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Risk of COVID-19 infection associated with bystander CPR

Editor's Note Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving procedure whose benefits outweigh the risk of COVID-19 infection, finds this study. University of Washington, Seattle, researchers’ analysis of data found that from January 1 to April 15, emergency medical services (EMS) responded to 1,067 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of which 478…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 9, 2020
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FDA reissues EUAs revising types of respirators that can be decontaminated

Editor's Note Citing a response to public health concerns, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) on June 7 reissued certain emergency use authorizations (EUAs) to specify which respirators are appropriate for decontamination and reuse. The FDA determined that certain respirators should not be decontaminated for reuse by healthcare professionals during…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 9, 2020
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Admissions to VA hospitals for emergency conditions down during COVID-19 pandemic

Editor's Note This study finds that between March 11 and April 21, nearly 42% fewer patients were admitted to Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals, compared with the preceding 6 weeks, including those who had conditions that generally required emergency treatment. The number of patients admitted decreased from 77,624 to 45,155, including…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 8, 2020
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