Bloodborne Pathogens

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March 2021
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CDC investigating sepsis cases after platelet transfusions

Editor's Note The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced June 14 in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report that four hospital patients developed sepsis after receiving platelet transfusions contaminated with bacteria. The CDC found that the platelets contained Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex and Staphylococcus saprophyticus. The agency is still…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 17, 2019
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CDC: Hepatitis A infections up nearly 300%

Editor's Note In the May 10 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that hepatitis A infections were up 294% in 2016-2018, compared with 2013-2015. The increases are related to outbreaks among homeless people, men who have sex with men, people who use drugs,…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 13, 2019
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FDA continues efforts to assess duodenoscope contamination risk

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) on April 12 announced that it is taking steps to implement additional regulatory actions, including consulting with federal health experts, on how to reduce the risks of contamination and infections linked to duodenoscopes. The agency is also collaborating with manufacturers of disposable…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 18, 2019
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Study: Fish oil does not increase bleeding risk in cardiac surgery patients

Editor's Note Fish oil did not increase perioperative bleeding and reduced the number of blood transfusions in cardiac surgery patients, in this study. A total of 1,516 cardiac surgery patients were randomized to perioperative fish oil or placebo−from 2 to 5 days before surgery until discharge. The primary outcome of…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 6, 2018
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FDA updates draft guidance on safety of US blood supply

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration on December 4 updated a draft guidance that promotes the development and adoption of innovations to ensure continued safety of the US blood supply. The draft guidance entitled, “Bacterial risk control strategies for blood collection establishments and transfusion services to enhance the safety…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 6, 2018
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Incidence of sharps injuries among surgical staff

Editor's Note This meta-analysis found that a surgeon will have a sharps injury in about 1 in 10 surgical procedures. Of 45 studies analyzed, the incidence rate was 13.2 sharps injuries per 100 time-units. Per 100 person-years, the rate was 88.2 for self-reported injuries, 40.0 for perforations, and 5.8 for administrative…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 29, 2018
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Restrictive vs liberal transfusion strategy for cardiac surgery patients

Editor's Note In cardiac surgery patients at moderate-to-high risk for death, a restrictive strategy for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion was equivalent to a liberal strategy, with respect to death from any cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, or renal failure, at 6-months follow-up, this study finds. There also were no significant…

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By: Judy Mathias
October 2, 2018
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Test evaluates fluid leakage at the glove-gown interface

Editor's Note In this study, a novel test method with a robotic arm was used to investigate the effect of movement, exposure type, exposure duration, procedure duration, and existence of pressure on the amount of fluid leakage at the glove-gown interface. Results show that with the exception of procedure duration,…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 28, 2018
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Researchers discover how to convert types A and B blood into O

Editor's Note A team of researchers from the University of British Columbia used enzymes from bacteria in the human gut to remove antigens from AB, A, and B blood, which effectively turns the blood into universal donor type O,  according to the August 21 bigthink.com. The team reported their findings…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 24, 2018
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Understanding the patient experience of HAIs

Editor's Note Though the effects of healthcare associated infections (HAIs) vary, patients recount similar experiences in this review study. A total of 17 studies from 5 countries addressing 5 types of HAIs were analyzed: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, surgical site, Clostridium difficile, Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream, and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing bacterial infections. Four interrelated themes emerged:…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 22, 2018
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