Perioperative Practice

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December 2019
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Association of postop MI with high mortality rates after vascular surgery

Editor's Note Despite high rates of patients discharged with cardioprotective medications, the long-term burden of postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) after major vascular surgery is substantial, with a high mortality rate in the following year, this study finds. Of 26,231 vascular surgery patients analyzed, factors linked to an increased risk of postoperative…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 9, 2019
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Bariatric surgery improves the heart

Editor's Note Bariatric surgery provides more benefits for obese patients than weight loss; it also reverses subclinical heart dysfunction, finds this study presented December 5 at EuroEcho 2019, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology in Vienna, Austria. The study included 38 obese patients who had bariatric surgery…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 5, 2019
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Patient, personnel, induction factors that affect OR start times

Editor's Note Though patient and personnel factors affect the order of case induction, induction time is most dependent on patient factors, this study finds. Of 15,823 cases analyzed, predictors of later patient induction included add-on case, ASA class 3 or more, neuraxial anesthesia, and CRNA staffing. In 11,093 (70.1%) cases,…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 5, 2019
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CDC releases 2019 report on antibiotic resistance threats

Editor's Note More than 2.8 million antibiotic-resistant infections occur in the US each year, resulting in more than 35,000 deaths, according to a new “Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States 2019” report from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). The CDC also notes that 223,900 cases of…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 5, 2019
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FDA: B. Braun recalls blood administration sets

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) on November 26 announced a voluntary recall by B. Braun Medical (Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) of 22 lots of blood administration sets. The recall was initiated because of the potential for leakage at the joint between the blood filters and tubing. This could force…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 3, 2019
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Hospital-based care coordination strategies linked to CMS star ratings

Editor's Note Care coordination strategies were found to be associated with high overall hospital quality star ratings from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in this study. A total of 710 general acute care noncritical access hospitals that received star ratings and responded to the 2015 American Hospital…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 21, 2019
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Automated software app reduces perioperative controlled substance discrepancies

Editor's Note In this study, a software app that tracks perioperative controlled substance use and is integrated into the electronic health and pharmacy records and database systems was associated with a decrease in management errors. This analysis includes data on missing controlled substance medications, controlled substance kits, and witness return…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 21, 2019
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Use of alcohol-based hand rub on gloves by anesthesia providers

Editor's Note In this study, the use of alcohol-based hand rub on nitrile examination gloves did not compromise glove integrity or hamper the ability of anesthesia providers to safely perform anesthesia functions. A total of 50 new gloves (not exposed to alcohol-based hand rub) were tested for integrity, and one…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 20, 2019
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Preop patient frailty, operative stress linked to postop mortality

Editor's Note Even minor surgical procedures are associated with high risks for mortality in patients who are frail, finds this study. In this retrospective analysis of 432,828 patients in the Veterans Administration Surgical Quality Improvement Program, frailty was associated with increased 30-, 90-, and 180-day mortality across all levels of…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 19, 2019
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FDA clears first duodenoscope with disposable elevator component

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) on November 15 announced that it had cleared for marketing in the US the first duodenoscope with a sterile, disposable elevator component. The clearance of the Pentax Medical Video ED34-i10T2 duodenoscope represents a major step toward lowering the risk of infection in…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 18, 2019
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