Surgery

Latest Issue of OR Manager
December 2018

Munro Scale assessment helps reduce HAPI rates

Each year, more than 2.5 million adults in the US develop pressure ulcers, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). These lesions bring pain, risk for serious infection, and increased healthcare utilization. Data on the costs of treatment vary, but some estimates range between $37,800 and $70,000…

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By: Judith M. Mathias, MA, RN
November 14, 2018
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New safety program helps hospitals adopt ERAS

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) led the list of newer patient care models in use at hospitals that employ respondents to the 2018 OR Manager Salary/Career Survey. A total of 42% of hospital-based OR leaders said ERAS had been or would soon be implemented in their facilities, down slightly from…

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By: Elizabeth Wood
November 14, 2018
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Room utilization rises with dynamic block scheduling

Inefficiencies in surgical case scheduling can lead to large revenue losses. When leaders at Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center (SHMC) in Spokane, Washington, realized poor room utilization was the cause of more than $1 million in annual overtime costs, they knew that better planning was needed. “For every 60 minutes…

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By: Cynthia Saver, MS, RN
November 14, 2018
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Opioid prescribing linked to postop opioid consumption

Editor's Note Excessive opioid prescribing was associated with higher postoperative opioid consumption in this study. In this analysis of 2,392 surgical patients, the quantity of opioids prescribed was significantly higher than opioid consumption, with patients reporting using only 27% of the opioids prescribed to them. Prescription size had the strongest…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 7, 2018
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Minimally invasive surgery for early-stage cervical cancer linked to worse survival

Editor's Note In this study, minimally invasive radical hysterectomy was associated with worse overall survival and higher recurrence rates than open abdominal radical hysterectomy for women with early-stage IA or IB cervical cancer. Of 631 patients analyzed: Minimally invasive surgery was associated with a three-fold increase in disease progression. The…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 1, 2018
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ACS NSQIP recognizes 83 hospitals for “Meritorious” surgical outcomes

Editor's Note The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) on October 31 recognized 83 hospitals for achieving “Meritorious” outcomes for surgical patient care in 2017; 568 hospitals were eligible. ACS NSQIP-participating hospitals are required to track outcomes of inpatient and outpatient surgical outcomes and analyze…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 1, 2018
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Effect of prehabilitation program on abdominal surgery patients

Editor's Note Colectomy patients participating in a preoperative prehabilitation program had positive physiologic effects and experienced fewer complications, this study finds. The prehabilitation program−Michigan Surgical and Health Optimization Program (MSHOP)−engages patients in four activities before surgery: Physical activity, pulmonary rehabilitation, nutritional optimization, and stress reduction. For the study, patients were…

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By: Judy Mathias
October 30, 2018
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ACS NSQIP participation demonstrates sustained benefits in colorectal surgical outcomes

Editor's Note Most complications of colorectal resection steadily decreased and early hospital discharges increased over 10 years of participation in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP), finds this study presented October 24 at the American College of Surgeons 2018 Clinical Congress in Boston. Of…

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By: Judy Mathias
October 25, 2018
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Experts recommend new description for cognitive changes after anesthesia, surgery

Editor's Note A multidisciplinary panel of experts recommended changing the way clinicians and patients describe cognitive changes experienced after anesthesia and surgery, in this session presented October 16 at the Anesthesiology 2018 annual meeting in San Francisco. The experts recommended that a new umbrella term, “Perioperative Neurocognitive Disorder (PND),” be…

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By: Judy Mathias
October 18, 2018
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Unlike adults, obese children do not have more postop pain

Editor's Notes Though obese adults often report more postoperative pain, the same was not true for obese children in this study presented October 16 at the Anesthesiology 2018 annual meeting in San Francisco. In this analysis of 808 children who had noncardiac surgery at the Cleveland Clinic, pain was assessed…

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By: Judy Mathias
October 17, 2018
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