Surgery

Latest Issue of OR Manager
August 2018

Study: Prevalence of preop opioid use and patient characteristics

Editor's Note In this study of 34,186 surgical patients in the University of Michigan Health System, 23.1% were taking opioids preoperatively, and the use of opioids was associated with a more negative medical and pain profile. Patient age, tobacco use, illicit drug use, higher pain severity, depression, higher Fibromyalgia Survey…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
July 12, 2018
Share

Gender differences in residents’ duty-hours, aspects of burnout, psychological well-being

Editor's Note Female general surgery residents work more, experience aspects of burnout more frequently, and have poorer psychological well-being, this study finds. Of  7,395 residents surveyed (response rate, 99%), females reported: more frequently staying in the hospital >28 hours or working >80 hours per week more frequently feeling fatigued and…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
July 11, 2018
Share

Diabetes linked to adverse outcomes after surgery

Editor's Note Patients with diabetes are more likely to have adverse outcomes after surgery, and greater risks are associated with increasing HbA1c levels, this study finds. Of 7,565 patients analyzed, 30% had diabetes and 37% had prediabetes. After adjustments, diabetes was linked to increased: 6-month mortality (9% in patients with…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
June 25, 2018
Share

QI program results in reduced readmissions, LOS for malnourished surgical patients

Editor's Note Malnourished hospitalized surgical and medical patients who participated in a nutrition quality improvement (QI) program had improved readmission rates and length of stay (LOS), but surgical patients had a significantly greater reduction in readmissions than medical patients, in this study. Of 1,269 patients analyzed, 288 were surgical patients…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
June 22, 2018
Share

Perioperative RBC transfusions linked to postop VTE

Editor's Note In this study, perioperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusions were significantly associated with development of new or progressive postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) within 30 days of a surgical procedure. Of 750,937 patients included in the analysis, 47,410 (6.3%) received at lest one perioperative RBC transfusion. Of these, 6,309…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
June 18, 2018
Share

Machine-learning algorithm predicts hypotension during surgery

Editor's Note In this study, researchers at UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles applied machine learning to arterial pressure waveforms to develop an algorithm that predicted intraoperative hypotension 15 minutes before it occurred in 84% of cases. Two sets of data were used to build the algorithm. One set consisted…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
June 12, 2018
Share

FDA updates recommendations to reduce surgical fires

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) on June 5 updated its Safety Communication: “Recommendations to Reduce Surgical Fires and Related Patient Injury.” Among the recommendations: Perform a fire risk assessment before each surgical procedure. Encourage communication among anesthesia personnel, surgeons, and OR staff. Practice safe use and administration…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
June 8, 2018
Share

Military-civilian partnership creates first fully integrated trauma system

Editor's Note The American College of Surgeons on May 23 announced that a partnership between the Military Health System and civilian trauma institutions is underway to create the first fully integrated military-civilian trauma system. The system will train military surgeons before deployment, help surgeons retain skills while deployed, and bring…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
May 24, 2018
Share

Statewide safety program sharply reduces colorectal SSIs

Editor's Note A Hawaii statewide collaborative for surgical patient safety successfully reduced colorectal surgical site infections (SSIs) and improved patient safety culture, finds this study. Between January 2013 and June 2015, Hawaii’s 15 hospitals implemented the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s (AHRQ’s) Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) in addition…

Read More

By: Judy Mathias
May 18, 2018
Share

Surgical Council facilitates service line moves between hospitals

To improve healthcare delivery and eliminate duplication, hospitals are banding together into systems in which specialties such as labor and delivery and smaller surgical cases are performed at satellite hospitals, and larger, more complex procedures are done at the main campus. This is the approach taken at the Cleveland Clinic,…

Read More

By: Judith M. Mathias, MA, RN
May 18, 2018
Share
Live chat by BoldChat