Surgery

Latest Issue of OR Manager
April 2019

Effect of care bundle on emergency laparotomy outcomes

Editor's Note Hospitals should consider adopting a care bundle approach to improve outcomes for emergency laparotomy patients, this study finds. In this analysis of 14,809 patients in 28 hospitals in the UK, reduction in unadjusted mortality (from 9.8% to 8.3%) and length of stay (from 20.1 days to 18.9 days)…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 21, 2019
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Effect of hospital intervention, state legislation on postop opioid prescribing practices

Editor's Note After a hospital-wide intervention and state-wide legislation, this community hospital in Michigan achieved a 60%-70% decrease in postoperative opioid prescriptions and less variation in opioid prescription practices. This retrospective study of opioid naïve adult patients who had one of five general surgical procedures between 2015 and 2017 found…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 18, 2019
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Discharging surgical patients earlier in the day linked to LOS, hospital throughput

Editor's Note A 12-month targeted initiative to discharge surgical patients earlier was associated with a 50% increase in patients being discharged by noon in this study. The initiative, which included preoperative and inpatient components: increased discharge by noon rates from 14.3% to 21.5% decreased length of stay (LOS) from 2.17…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 11, 2019
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FDA issues letter on risks linked with staplers, implantable staples

Editor's Note The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on March 8 issued a letter to alert healthcare providers about an increasing number of medical device reports on surgical staplers for internal use and implantable surgical staples. The most common reported problems include opening of the staple line, malformation of staples,…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 11, 2019
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Bacterial contamination of white coats, surgical scrubs

Editor's Note Provider attire is a potential source of pathogenic bacterial transmission in healthcare settings, this review study finds. A total of 22 articles were included in this analysis, which found that provider attire was commonly colonized by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), with white coats laundered less frequently than scrubs. The…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 11, 2019
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Preop frailty linked to surgical outcomes

Editor's Note In this study of adult surgical patients across all ages, frailty was associated with higher postoperative rates of major illness and readmissions as well as increased costs. Of 14,530 patients (31.9% inpatient, 68.1% outpatient) analyzed, 3.4% had high frailty (5.3% of inpatients and 2.5% of outpatients). Compared with…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 6, 2019
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FDA issues Safety Communication on using surgical robots in women’s health

Editor's Note The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on February 28 issued a Safety Communication on the safety and effectiveness of using robotically-assisted surgical devices in mastectomy procedures or in the prevention or treatment of cancer in women. The FDA cited limited, preliminary evidence that the use of robotically-assisted surgical…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 5, 2019
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Long-term opioid use in family members linked to persistent postop use in adolescents, young adults

Editor's Note Long-term opioid use among family members was associated with persistent postoperative opioid use in opioid-naïve adolescents and young adults and should be screened for preoperatively, this study finds. Of 346,251 opioid-naïve patients aged 13 to 21 years having common surgical and dental procedures, persistent opioid use occurred in…

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By: Judy Mathias
March 4, 2019
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Association of overlapping surgery with outcomes

Editor's Note In this multicenter study, overlapping surgery was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality or postoperative complication rates, but it was significantly linked to increased surgery time. Researchers from Stanford University, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania, and Harvard, analyzed 66,430 procedures, of which 8,224 were overlapping. Overlapping surgery…

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By: Judy Mathias
February 28, 2019
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OSA screening boosts patient safety and bottom line

An estimated 22 million people in the US have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but up to 80% of cases are undiagnosed, and some 30% to 40% of the surgical population has diagnosed or suspected sleep apnea. More than 3 years ago, the Joint Commission issued a Quick Safety document about…

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By: OR Manager
February 20, 2019
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