Performance Improvement

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August 2018
Home Safety/Quality > Quality Improvement > Performance Improvement

QI program results in reduced readmissions, LOS for malnourished surgical patients

Editor's Note Malnourished hospitalized surgical and medical patients who participated in a nutrition quality improvement (QI) program had improved readmission rates and length of stay (LOS), but surgical patients had a significantly greater reduction in readmissions than medical patients, in this study. Of 1,269 patients analyzed, 288 were surgical patients…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 22, 2018
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Effects of quality improvement in bariatric surgery patients

Editor's Note This retrospective study of patients undergoing bariatric surgery found that hospitals with the largest reductions in serious postoperative complications had the greatest decrease in Medicare payments. Researchers ranked 562 hospitals (37,329 patients) into quintiles. The top 20% of hospitals had a decrease in average serious complication rate of…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 18, 2018
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Effect of neuraxial anesthesia for total joints on outcomes

Editor's Note Increased use of neuraxial anesthesia for total hip and knee patients was linked to lower hospitalization costs in this study. National data on 808,237 total knee and 371,607 total hip replacements were used in the analysis. Multivariable associations were measured between hospital neuraxial anesthesia volume (quartiles) and outcomes…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 12, 2018
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Researchers identify biomarkers for total hip patients likely to develop osteolysis

Editor's Note Researchers at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, have identified two protein biomarkers that indicate which total hip patients are likely to develop osteolysis. Osteolysis is the destruction of bone tissue around the hip joint that causes the implant to loosen and results in a revision surgery. The researchers…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 8, 2018
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AHRQ: Decline in HACs saves 8,000 lives, $2.9 billion

Editor's Note National efforts by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to reduce hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) helped prevent some 8,000 deaths and save $2.9 billion in costs between 2014 and 2016, according to a new report released June 5 by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Data…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 7, 2018
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12-year analysis of nonbattle injuries in US service members

Editor's Note Approximately one-third of casualties during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars resulted from nonbattle injuries (NBIs), this study finds. In this analysis of 29,958 casualties (battle injuries and NBIs), NBIs caused 34.1% of total casualties and 11.5% of all deaths. Rates of NBIs were higher among women than men…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 1, 2018
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Military-civilian partnership creates first fully integrated trauma system

Editor's Note The American College of Surgeons on May 23 announced that a partnership between the Military Health System and civilian trauma institutions is underway to create the first fully integrated military-civilian trauma system. The system will train military surgeons before deployment, help surgeons retain skills while deployed, and bring…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 24, 2018
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New formulation of bupivacaine does not reduce opioid use after TKA

Editor's Note Contrary to what some studies are suggesting, use of the local anesthetic liposomal bupivacaine as part of a multimodal approach to postoperative pain did not reduce in-hospital opioid use or opioid-related complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in this study. Researchers analyzed data on 88,830 TKAs performed with…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 21, 2018
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ECRI Institute: Boston Medical Center wins 2018 Health Devices Achievement Award

Editor's Note The ECRI Institute on May 17 announced that Boston Medical Center had won the 2018 Health Devices Achievement Award for its patient-centric mobile pulmonary care app. The ICOUGH Recovery app guides patients through the hospitals postoperative pulmonary care protocol, which focuses on: Incentive spirometry Coughing and deep breathing…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 18, 2018
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More cases start on time after nurses change workflow

Among the many variables that influence on-time starts of surgical cases are the arrival times of patients and staff, as well as the verifications and documentation required before patients are brought to the OR. Increasing on-time starts was a key initiative at Fox Chase Cancer Center. By exploring the influences…

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By: Julie Dameus, MBA, BSN, RN
May 18, 2018
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