Performance Improvement

Latest Issue of OR Manager
June 2019
Home Safety/Quality > Quality Improvement > Performance Improvement

Nurses have increased risk of sleep disorders, deprivation

Editor's Note Academic medical center nurses have a high prevalence of insufficient sleep and symptoms of sleep disorders, finds this study presented June 10 at the annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, in San Antonio. A survey of 1,165 nurses at an academic medical center found that: 49%…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 13, 2019
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Joint Commission evaluating revisions to USP General Chapter <797>

Editor's Note The Joint Commission on June 12 announced that it is reviewing the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) revisions to its General Chapter <797> Pharmaceutical Compounding−Sterile Preparations. The Joint Commission is evaluating the effect of the revisions on its accredited organizations and plans to issue guidance and updated survey…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 13, 2019
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Hospital staffing models associated with failure to rescue rates

Editor's Note Hospitals with low failure to rescue (FTR) rates had significantly more staffing resources than hospitals with high FTR rates, this study finds. In this analysis of 44,567 surgical patients in the Michigan Quality Surgical Collaborative, hospital FTR rates across low, middle and high tertiles were 8.9%, 16.5%, and…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 13, 2019
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AHRQ opens enrollment for hospitals to implement enhanced recovery pathways

Editor's Note The American College of Surgeons on June 6 called for interested hospitals to join a new cohort of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR). In the program, presented in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 7, 2019
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Association of step volume, intensity with mortality in older women

Editor's Note In this study, women who averaged approximately 4,400 steps per day had significantly lower mortality rates than women who took approximately 2,700 steps per day. Of 16,741 women with a mean age of 72 years analyzed, their mean step count was 5,499 per day. A step volume of approximately…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 30, 2019
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NIH, radiology societies map path for AI research in medical imaging

Editor's Note A new report from the National Institutes of Health, Radiological Society of North America, American College of Radiology, and The Academy, provides a roadmap for translational research on artificial intelligence (AI) in medical imaging. The report summarizes key priorities: creating structured AI use cases that define and highlight…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 29, 2019
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Effect of open vs closed ICU model on HAI

Editor's Note A closed ICU model was associated with significantly reduced rates of central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI), catheter associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in this study, presented May 22 at ATS 2019, the annual international conference of the American Thoracic Society in Dallas.…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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Targeting MAP during CPB reduces postop delirium

Editor's Note Targeting a patient’s mean arterial pressure (MAP) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by monitoring cerebral blood flow autoregulation may reduce the incidence of delirium after cardiac surgery in older patients, this Johns Hopkins study finds. In this analysis of 199 patients, the incidence of delirium was significantly greater in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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Lower ED triage scores linked to delayed antibiotics for sepsis patients

Editor's Note Antibiotic delivery is significantly faster for sepsis patients treated in an emergency department (ED) if they are assigned a higher score on an acuity scale used for patient triage, finds this study presented May 22 at ATS 2019, the annual international conference of the American Thoracic Society in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 22, 2019
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Effect of regional anesthesia on readmission rates, costs after TKA

Editor's Note Regional anesthesia was not associated with decreased readmission rates and costs after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in this study. In this analysis of 138,362 privately insured TKA patients 18-64 years of age, the adjusted 90-day readmission rate was 1.8% for those who did not receive regional anesthesia compared…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 21, 2019
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