Research

Latest Issue of OR Manager
August 2018

Diabetes linked to adverse outcomes after surgery

Editor's Note Patients with diabetes are more likely to have adverse outcomes after surgery, and greater risks are associated with increasing HbA1c levels, this study finds. Of 7,565 patients analyzed, 30% had diabetes and 37% had prediabetes. After adjustments, diabetes was linked to increased: 6-month mortality (9% in patients with…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 25, 2018
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Endoscope fluid, contaminants linger after faulty drying

What does it take to get endoscopes dry? That is the question that prompted a new study on endoscope drying effectiveness by Ofstead & Associates (St Paul, Minnesota). “We asked that question after a study we did 2 years ago found that increasing the automated endoscope reprocessor [AER] drying cycle…

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By: Judith M. Mathias, MA, RN
June 20, 2018
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Machine-learning algorithm predicts hypotension during surgery

Editor's Note In this study, researchers at UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles applied machine learning to arterial pressure waveforms to develop an algorithm that predicted intraoperative hypotension 15 minutes before it occurred in 84% of cases. Two sets of data were used to build the algorithm. One set consisted…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 12, 2018
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Researchers identify biomarkers for total hip patients likely to develop osteolysis

Editor's Note Researchers at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, have identified two protein biomarkers that indicate which total hip patients are likely to develop osteolysis. Osteolysis is the destruction of bone tissue around the hip joint that causes the implant to loosen and results in a revision surgery. The researchers…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 8, 2018
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Daily preop opioid use linked to worse outcomes after scoliosis surgery

Editor's Note Daily narcotic use before adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery was associated with poorer outcomes 2 years postoperatively, this study finds. In this multicenter analysis of 575 patients, 425 had complete 2-year follow-up. A total of 44% reported daily preoperative narcotic use. Compared with non-daily users, daily narcotic users…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 16, 2018
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Effect perioperative ß-blockade with increasing patient age

Editor's Note No difference was found in the effect of perioperative ß-blockade (metoprolol continuous release 200 mg for 30 days) versus placebo on postoperative outcomes between older and younger patients in this study (POISE [perioperative ischemia evaluation] trial). In this analysis of 8,351 patients from 190 centers in 23 countries,…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 16, 2018
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Predictors of postop pain in spine surgery patients

Editor's Note The use of nonopioid analgesics intraoperatively was one of eight factors found to predict postoperative pain in the first 24 hours after spine surgery, finds this study that will be presented Saturday April 21 at the 2018 World Congress on Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine in New York…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 10, 2018
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Landmark study may affect stroke treatment guidelines

Editor's Note Guidelines for stroke treatment currently recommend clot removal within 6 hours of onset. However, a new study led by researchers from Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, finds that clot removal up to 24 hours leads to significantly reduced disability. This international multi-center study randomly assigned 206 stroke…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 13, 2017
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Surveillance is safe for noncancerous, high-risk breast lesions

Editor's Note High-risk, noncancerous flat epithelial atypia (FEA) breast lesions can be treated with close observation rather than surgical removal in most cases, this study finds. The analysis of 208 patients diagnosed with FEA over a 9-year period found that after mammography, biopsy, and surgical excision, five lesions (2.4%) were…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 1, 2017
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Belly fat predicts adverse outcomes after emergency surgery

Editor's Note A patient’s waist measurement can predict the risk of complications and death after emergency general surgery, finds this study presented October 26 at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress 2017 in San Diego. Included in the study were 608 emergency general surgery patients who had preoperative CT…

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By: Judy Mathias
October 30, 2017
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