Research

Latest Issue of OR Manager
January 2019

FDA launches app for EHR data collection

Editor's Note The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) recently launched a new app to help streamline electronic health record (EHR) data collection for researchers, The November 7 EHR Intelligence reports. Using the MyStudies app, researchers can access patient-generated health data, EHR patient data, and claims and billing information for use in…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 13, 2018
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Study: Covering the instrument table decreases bioburden

Editor's Note A significant decrease in bacterial bioburden on the instrument table was found when the table was covered during static periods of nonuse and dynamic periods of active OR use in this study. Bacterial contamination of the instrument table was evaluated by settle plates in static and dynamic ORs,…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 27, 2018
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Researchers discover how to convert types A and B blood into O

Editor's Note A team of researchers from the University of British Columbia used enzymes from bacteria in the human gut to remove antigens from AB, A, and B blood, which effectively turns the blood into universal donor type O,  according to the August 21 bigthink.com. The team reported their findings…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 24, 2018
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Understanding, supporting emotional impact of harmful events

Editor's Note A multidisciplinary group gathered at an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality conference to develop a research agenda that includes immediately actionable and long-term research strategies to mitigate the emotional toll of harmful medical events on patients and families. The group reached consensus on four research priorities: Establish…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 23, 2018
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Understanding the patient experience of HAIs

Editor's Note Though the effects of healthcare associated infections (HAIs) vary, patients recount similar experiences in this review study. A total of 17 studies from 5 countries addressing 5 types of HAIs were analyzed: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, surgical site, Clostridium difficile, Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream, and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing bacterial infections. Four interrelated themes emerged:…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 22, 2018
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Diabetes linked to adverse outcomes after surgery

Editor's Note Patients with diabetes are more likely to have adverse outcomes after surgery, and greater risks are associated with increasing HbA1c levels, this study finds. Of 7,565 patients analyzed, 30% had diabetes and 37% had prediabetes. After adjustments, diabetes was linked to increased: 6-month mortality (9% in patients with…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 25, 2018
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Endoscope fluid, contaminants linger after faulty drying

What does it take to get endoscopes dry? That is the question that prompted a new study on endoscope drying effectiveness by Ofstead & Associates (St Paul, Minnesota). “We asked that question after a study we did 2 years ago found that increasing the automated endoscope reprocessor [AER] drying cycle…

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By: Judith M. Mathias, MA, RN
June 20, 2018
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Machine-learning algorithm predicts hypotension during surgery

Editor's Note In this study, researchers at UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles applied machine learning to arterial pressure waveforms to develop an algorithm that predicted intraoperative hypotension 15 minutes before it occurred in 84% of cases. Two sets of data were used to build the algorithm. One set consisted…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 12, 2018
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Researchers identify biomarkers for total hip patients likely to develop osteolysis

Editor's Note Researchers at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, have identified two protein biomarkers that indicate which total hip patients are likely to develop osteolysis. Osteolysis is the destruction of bone tissue around the hip joint that causes the implant to loosen and results in a revision surgery. The researchers…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 8, 2018
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Daily preop opioid use linked to worse outcomes after scoliosis surgery

Editor's Note Daily narcotic use before adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery was associated with poorer outcomes 2 years postoperatively, this study finds. In this multicenter analysis of 575 patients, 425 had complete 2-year follow-up. A total of 44% reported daily preoperative narcotic use. Compared with non-daily users, daily narcotic users…

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By: Judy Mathias
April 16, 2018
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