Infection Prevention

Latest Issue of OR Manager
June 2019
Home Periop Nursing > Perioperative Practice > Infection Prevention

CDC investigating sepsis cases after platelet transfusions

Editor's Note The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced June 14 in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report that four hospital patients developed sepsis after receiving platelet transfusions contaminated with bacteria. The CDC found that the platelets contained Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex and Staphylococcus saprophyticus. The agency is still…

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By: Judy Mathias
June 17, 2019
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Risks, benefits of using CHG for handwashing

Editor's Note Because of the potential risk of selecting mutants carrying genes for cross-resistance to chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) and antibiotics, it is advisable to reserve the use of CHG for purposes other than hand hygiene, this study finds. A review of studies showed no significant difference in healthcare-associated infection rates…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 28, 2019
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Effect of open vs closed ICU model on HAI

Editor's Note A closed ICU model was associated with significantly reduced rates of central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI), catheter associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in this study, presented May 22 at ATS 2019, the annual international conference of the American Thoracic Society in Dallas.…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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Joint Commission issues Quick Safety on disinfection of tonometers, other ophthalmology devices

Editor's Note The Joint Commission on May 21 issued Quick Safety 49: Disinfection of tonometers and other ophthalmology devices. The Joint Commission noted that the American Academy of Ophthalmology has reported that transmission of adenovirus and herpes simplex virus HIV, hepatitis C virus, enterovirus 70, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 23, 2019
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Lower ED triage scores linked to delayed antibiotics for sepsis patients

Editor's Note Antibiotic delivery is significantly faster for sepsis patients treated in an emergency department (ED) if they are assigned a higher score on an acuity scale used for patient triage, finds this study presented May 22 at ATS 2019, the annual international conference of the American Thoracic Society in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 22, 2019
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IV bags of normal saline, D5W do not support bacterial growth 24 hours after spiking

Editor's Note No bacterial growth was found in any of 257 samples of normal saline and dextrose 5% in water (D5W) 24 hours after using standard sterile techniques to spike them in the perioperative area. Two 1000 mL bags of IV normal saline and D5W were spiked and hung in…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 20, 2019
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How will artificial intelligence impact surgical patient care? Part 2

As part of a special series on artificial intelligence (AI), OR Manager is taking a deep dive into the many facets of this new technology and its impact on patient care. Part 1 of this introduction to the series (OR Manager, May 2019, 1, 7-11) defined several different types of…

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By: Cynthia Saver, MS, RN
May 17, 2019
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Top 10 Patient Safety Concerns for 2019

Healthcare is striving to become an industry of high-reliability organizations, and part of being a high-reliability industry means staying vigilant and identifying problems proactively. ECRI Institute’s annual Top 10 list helps organizations identify looming patient safety challenges and offers suggestions and resources for addressing them. ECRI Institute relied on event…

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By: ECRI
May 17, 2019
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What should you do if your sterilizer fails?

A sterilization failure is a significant event. Receiving a positive biological indicator (BI) result from a sterilizer can be devastating and presents a patient safety concern because it could result in infection. This article addresses the proper action to take in the event of a positive BI result and biological…

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By: Susan Klacik, BS, CRCST, CHL, CIS, ACE, FCS
May 17, 2019
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Study: Negative pressure wound therapy lowers SSI risk

Editor's Note In this study, the use of negative pressure wound therapy resulted in a significantly lower risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) than standard surgical incision closure. A total of 123 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy were randomized to receive either negative pressure wound therapy or a standard closure of the…

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By: Judy Mathias
May 16, 2019
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