Surgery/Specialties

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February 2018
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Joint Commission changes requirements for independent pathologists

Editor's Note The Joint Commission on January 3 announced that it is no longer requiring hospitals, critical access hospitals, or ambulatory care organizations to credential and privilege pathologists who provide diagnostic services through independent reference (contract) laboratories. The Joint Commission says accredited organizations can safely presume that pathologists who work…

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By: Judy Mathias
January 4, 2018
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Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in surgeons, interventionalists

Editor's Note The prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in surgeons and interventionalists is high, this meta-analysis finds. Of 5,828 physicians, there was: degenerative cervical spine disease in 17% rotator cuff pathology in 18% degenerative lumbar spine disease in 19% carpal tunnel syndrome in 9%. From 1997 to 2015, the prevalence…

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By: Judy Mathias
January 2, 2018
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Perioperative myocardial injury common after noncardiac surgery

Editor's Note Perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) is a common complication after noncardiac surgery (occurring in 1 of 7 patients), and it is associated with substantial short- and long-term mortality (9% and 22%), this study finds. This analysis included 2,018 patients having 2,546 surgical procedures. PMI occurred after 397 of the…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 12, 2017
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Impact of reducing postop complications in bariatric Medicare patients

Editor's Note Hospitals with the largest reductions in serious complications after bariatric surgery had the greatest decrease in per-patient Medicare payments, this study finds. Analyzing 37,329 Medicare patients undergoing bariatric surgery from 2005 to 2006 and 2013 to 2014, researchers found a strong association between reductions in complications and decreased…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 12, 2017
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Postop outcomes in OSA patients having cardiac surgery

Editor's Note Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important risk factor for postoperative complications in cardiac surgery patients, finds this meta-analysis led by Frances Chung, MD, a noted expert on OSA. After cardiac surgery, major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events and newly documented postoperative atrial fibrillation were 33.3% and 18.1%…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 7, 2017
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Cataract surgery shifting from HOPDs to ASCs

Editor's Note Most patients who had cataract surgery from 2001 to 2014 did so at ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) compared with hospital outpatient departments (HOPDs), this study finds. In this analysis of 369,320 patients who had 531,325 cataract surgeries, the proportion performed at ASCs increased from 43.6% in 2001 to…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 7, 2017
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Association of patient age at exposure to surgery, anesthesia with mental disorders

Editor's Note Children under age 5 having minor surgery with anesthesia have a small but statistically significant increased risk of a mental disorder, developmental delays, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this study finds. A total of 38,493 children with a single exposure to anesthesia before age 5 and 192,465…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 6, 2017
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Seven-year outcomes after bariatric surgery

Editor's Note In this multicenter study of 7-year weight and comorbid health changes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), most participants maintained much of their weight loss with variable fluctuations over the long term, and comorbid health improvements were sustained after RYGB. Of 2,348 participants,…

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By: Judy Mathias
December 6, 2017
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CMS finalizes changes to bundled-payment models

Editor's Note The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) on November 30 announced a final rule that cancels the mandatory hip fracture and cardiac bundled-payment models, which were to begin on January 1, 2018, and implements changes to the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) Model. In the final…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 30, 2017
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Examining surgical outcomes to identify procedures needing additional QI efforts

Editor's Note This analysis of 10 surgical procedures accrued into the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) between 2008 and 2015, identified which procedures improved the most from QI efforts and which needed more. Hepatectomy demonstrated the greatest improvement across the greatest number of outcomes…

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By: Judy Mathias
November 29, 2017
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