Surgery/Specialties

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October 2017
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Gastric bypass found to be durable long term

Editor's Note This 12-year study showed long-term durability of weight loss and effective remission and prevention of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. For the study, 1,156 severely obese patients were divided into three groups: 418 who sought and had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (surgery group),…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 21, 2017
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Little change in physical activity after total joint surgery

Editor's Note Physical activity in total joint patients did not change at 6 months after surgery and small-moderate improvement was found at 12 months, despite large improvements in pain and quality of life, this meta-analysis finds. A total of seven studies (336 patients) were analyzed. Reasons for the lack of…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 20, 2017
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Physicians spend more than half their time on EHR tasks

Editor's Note Primary care physicians spend more than half of their workday typing data on a computer screen and completing other electronic health record (EHR) tasks, this study from the University of Wisconsin and the American Medical Association finds. During a typical 11.4-hour workday, physicians spent nearly 6 hours on…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 20, 2017
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Successful onboarding of surgeons makes good business sense

Perioperative staff complete a thorough orientation to ease their transition into a new job, but what about surgeons? How are they onboarded into a new OR? This isn’t an academic question—effective onboarding is key to the success, including financial success, of the OR. “To have someone walk through the door…

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By: Cynthia Saver, MS, RN
September 20, 2017
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Lumbar spine fusion market set for growth

Editor's Note Analysis by 360 Market Updates estimates that the lumbar spine fusion market will see a compound annual growth rate of 4.9% through 2021, the September 15 Becker’s Spine Review reports. A key driver of growth is the increasing popularity of physician-owned ambulatory surgery centers. DePuy Synthes, Medtronic, Stryker,…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 18, 2017
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Safety of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy

Editor's Note The transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach can be safe for select patients, with outcomes similar to those of the open approach, this study finds. Of 425 patients analyzed, the operative time for the transoral approach was longer than the open approach (100.8 vs 79.4 minutes) but transoral patients…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 11, 2017
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Causes of malpractice lawsuits against surgical residents

Editor's Note This database review of malpractice lawsuits against surgical residents highlights the importance of perioperative management, particularly among junior residents, and the importance of appropriate supervision by attending physicians as targets for education on litigation prevention. During a 10-year period, 87 malpractice cases involving surgical residents were identified. Results…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 6, 2017
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Effectiveness of intraop teaching course for surgeons

Editor's Note In this study, a half-day faculty development course designed to equip surgical educators with frameworks shown to promote learning in the OR helped faculty members deliver improved instruction as perceived by surgical residents. A total of 19 faculty members completed the course. Associate professors demonstrated improved briefing, debriefing,…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 28, 2017
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Payment variation in CABG episodes of care can affect bundled payments

Editor's Note Wide variation was found in 90-day coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) episode payments for Medicare and private payer patients in this study. The differences were driven by increased use of evaluation and management services, higher utilization of inpatient rehabilitation, and patients with multiple readmissions. In the analysis of…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 25, 2017
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Surgeons perform first magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) in humans

Editor's Note In this pilot trial, surgeons used a pair of magnets (ie, Harrison rings) to create an intestinal anastomosis without sutures or staples in five patients. For each procedure, one Harrison ring was placed in the lumen of each intestinal segment, and then the rings were brought together and…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 24, 2017
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