Surgical/Anesthesia

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October 2017
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Safety of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy

Editor's Note The transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach can be safe for select patients, with outcomes similar to those of the open approach, this study finds. Of 425 patients analyzed, the operative time for the transoral approach was longer than the open approach (100.8 vs 79.4 minutes) but transoral patients…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 11, 2017
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Causes of malpractice lawsuits against surgical residents

Editor's Note This database review of malpractice lawsuits against surgical residents highlights the importance of perioperative management, particularly among junior residents, and the importance of appropriate supervision by attending physicians as targets for education on litigation prevention. During a 10-year period, 87 malpractice cases involving surgical residents were identified. Results…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 6, 2017
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CMS grants exceptions for quality reporting to ASCs in Harvey’s path

Editor's Notes The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) will grant exceptions for quality reporting requirements for ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) located in the path of Hurricane Harvey, the September 1 ASCA News reports. ASCs in affected counties and parishes in Texas and Louisiana will get exceptions without having…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 6, 2017
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Effect of mandatory reporting system on prevalence of intraop adverse events

Editor's Note After implementation of an anesthesia information management system (AIMS)-based mandatory quality assurance process for reporting of intraoperative adverse events at two academic medical centers, documented adverse events decreased significantly, this study finds. Over a 2-year period after implementation of mandatory reporting, the adverse event rate at Thomas Jefferson…

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By: Judy Mathias
September 1, 2017
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STOP-Bang screening associated with risk of postop complications in OSA patients

Editor's Note This meta-analysis found that patients at higher risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as determined by preoperative STOP-Bang screening, had a higher risk of postoperative adverse events and longer length of hospital stay, compared with lower risk-OSA patients. The analysis included 10 studies with 23,609 patients (7,877 high-risk…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 28, 2017
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Effectiveness of intraop teaching course for surgeons

Editor's Note In this study, a half-day faculty development course designed to equip surgical educators with frameworks shown to promote learning in the OR helped faculty members deliver improved instruction as perceived by surgical residents. A total of 19 faculty members completed the course. Associate professors demonstrated improved briefing, debriefing,…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 28, 2017
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Payment variation in CABG episodes of care can affect bundled payments

Editor's Note Wide variation was found in 90-day coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) episode payments for Medicare and private payer patients in this study. The differences were driven by increased use of evaluation and management services, higher utilization of inpatient rehabilitation, and patients with multiple readmissions. In the analysis of…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 25, 2017
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Patient falls from OR, procedure tables during anesthesia care

Editor's Note In this analysis of patient falls from OR and procedure tables during anesthesia care, researchers queried two independent closed claims databases. They identified 21 claims (1.2% of cases) in the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Closed Claims Project and 0.07% of cases in the secure records of a…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 25, 2017
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Surgeons perform first magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) in humans

Editor's Note In this pilot trial, surgeons used a pair of magnets (ie, Harrison rings) to create an intestinal anastomosis without sutures or staples in five patients. For each procedure, one Harrison ring was placed in the lumen of each intestinal segment, and then the rings were brought together and…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 24, 2017
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Effectiveness of drug-free interventions to reduce pain, opioids after total knee

Editor's Note In this meta-analysis of the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions for pain after total knee arthroplasty, electrotherapy and acupuncture were associated with reduced and delayed opioid consumption, but there was low or very low certainty that they improved pain. Continuous passive motion and preoperative exercise did not improve pain…

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By: Judy Mathias
August 24, 2017
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