November 16, 2017

Study: Restrictive vs liberal blood transfusion outcomes in cardiac surgery patients

By: Judy Mathias
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Editor’s Note

A restrictive blood transfusion strategy (HGB <7.5 g/dL) was equivalent to a liberal strategy (HGB <9.5 g/dL in the OR or ICU and HGB<8.5 g/dL in the non-ICU ward) with regard to mortality and major disability in cardiac surgery patients who had a moderate-to-high risk of death, this study finds.

The primary composite outcome−death from any cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, or new-onset renal failure with dialysis by discharge or postoperative day 28−occurred in 11.4% of patients in the restrictive group and 12.5% in the liberal group.

Mortality was 3.0% and 3.6% in the restrictive group and liberal group, respectively.

These outcomes were achieved with fewer units of blood being transfused−red-cell transfusion occurred in 52.3% of patients in the restrictive group and 72.6% in the liberal group.

The study involved 4,860 patients (2,430 in each group) at 73 sites in 19 countries.

 

BACKGROUND

The effect of a restrictive versus liberal red-cell transfusion strategy on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery remains unclear.

 

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